Civil Engineering is a profession that applies the basic principles of science in conjunction with mathematical and computational tools to solve problems associated with developing and sustaining civilized life on our planet. Civil Engineering works are generally one-of-a-kind projects; they are often grand in scale; and they usually require cooperation among professionals of many different disciplines. The completion of a civil engineering project involves the solution of technical problems in which information from numerous sources and myriad non-technical factors play a significant role. Some of the most common examples of civil engineering works include bridges, buildings, darns, airports and hangars, ports and harbors, highways and railways, tunnels, river and shore improvements, lighthouses, dry docks, irrigations, flood protection, drainage, water supply, and towers or any other work requiring civil engineering knowledge and application. It is one of the broadest engineering disciplines both in terms of the range of problems that fall within its purview and in the range of knowledge required to solve those problems.
The scope of the practice of Civil Engineering is defined in the Civil Engineering Law of 1950 or R.A. 544 and embrace services in the form of consultation, design, preparation of plans, specifications, estimates, erection, installation and supervision of the construction of streets, bridges, highways, railroads, airports and hangars, port works, canals, river and shore improvements, lighthouses, and dry docks; buildings, fixed structures for irrigation, flood protection, drainage, water supply and sewerage works; demolition of permanent structures; tunnels and any other work requiring civil engineering knowledge and application. The teaching of professional civil engineering subjects in the curriculum of the BSCE degree or a subject in the Civil Engineering licensure examination given in any school, college, university or other CHED recognized educational institution is also considered as practice of Civil Engineering.
Specific career options include but are not limited to the following:
Surveying or Mapping Engineer
City Planning Engineer
Foundation and Tunnel Engineer
Irrigation and Drainage Engineer
Rivers & Harbors Engineer